Coffee or “coffea arabica” plants are a perfect addition to any home, adding to the elegance of your home. They are generous growers that can continue to grow for many years, reaching up to 15 feet or more. This plant has glossy dark green leaves that have ruffled edge. The coffee tree is actually a variety of a tropical evergreen shrub.
Caring for your coffea houseplant
Coffea plants like filtered indirect bright sunlight, but they can also grow in less light as well. Coffee plants are prone to whitefly, scale and mealy bugs. If you find these pests on your plants, spray a soapy mixture for 2 weeks.
After 3 or 4 years, this plant will begin to produce star-shaped white flowers that smell like jasmine. These flowers are followed by green fruits that change to red then dark brown/black as they continue to ripen. Inside the fruit, are two beans (or seeds) that can be roasted and ground up to make your morning cup of joe.
Watering your Coffee tree plant
When watering the coffea arabica plant, it is best to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Use 1/3 of a cup of water, and pour near the base of the plant. Adjust your watering amounts as the months change. One great thing about these plants is that the leaves are a big indication of when you need to water. If it’s time, the leaves will become droopy. See below for an example of the leaves drooping. You can also mist your plant occasional with warm water and clean the leaves with a damp cloth.
Can this plant make coffee beans?
If you are patient, eventually this plant can produce coffee beans. Learn more about Coffee Facts here…
It typically takes 6 years for the plant to begin to produce fruit (or beans). The coffee bean fruit appears in the summer. Once the green shaped fruit turns to a dark brown, black color, it is ripe enough to pick. Once you have harvested enough beans, you will then have to roast them. There are many home type roasters out there, check out your local retailers or search on the Internet for your most convenient option.
Reviving a dying Coffee Plant
If you recently bought a new small Coffee Plant from the local nursery / store and it looks to be dying after a month or having brown tips at the edge of the leaves, then you can revive it easily by following simple steps…
A tropical indoor plant, coffee appreciates abundant levels of relative humidity. If the air in your home is too dry, your coffee plant may end up with brown leaf tips or edges. Boost humidity to keep new leaves healthy.