### 1. How to use value if not null else use value from next column in pandas?

### 2. How to rename columns in pandas?

### 3. How to sort a dictionary by value?

#### 1. How to use value if NOT NULL else use value from Next Column

How to Use Value

**if**

Not Null,

**Else**

Use Value From Next Column

Given the following dataframe:

```
import pandas as pd
df = pd.DataFrame({'COL1': ['A', np.nan,'A'],
'COL2' : [np.nan,'A','A']})
df
COL1 COL2
0 A NaN
1 NaN A
2 A A
```

How to create a column (‘COL3’) that uses the value from COL1 per row unless that value is null (or NaN). If the value is null (or NaN), how to use the value from COL2.

The desired result is:

```
COL1 COL2 COL3
0 A NaN A
1 NaN A A
2 A A A
```

#### SOLUTION:

```
In [8]: df
Out[8]:
COL1 COL2
0 A NaN
1 NaN B
2 A B
In [9]: df["COL3"] = df["COL1"].fillna(df["COL2"])
In [10]: df
Out[10]:
COL1 COL2 COL3
0 A NaN A
1 NaN B B
2 A B A
```

#### 2. How to rename columns in pandas

I have a DataFrame using pandas and column labels that I need to edit to replace the original column labels.

I’d like to change the column names in a DataFrame `A`

where the original column names are:

`['$a', '$b', '$c', '$d', '$e'] `

to

`['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'].`

I have the edited column names stored it in a list, but I don’t know how to replace the column names.

#### SOLUTION:

Just assign it to the `.columns`

attribute:

```
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'$a':[1,2], '$b': [10,20]})
>>> df.columns = ['a', 'b']
>>> df
a b
0 1 10
1 2 20
```

#### 3. How to sort a dictionary by value

I have a dictionary of values read from two fields in a database: a string field and a numeric field. The string field is unique, so that is the key of the dictionary.

I can sort on the keys, but how can I sort based on the values?

#### SOLUTION

It is not possible to sort a dictionary, only to get a representation of a dictionary that is sorted. Dictionaries are inherently orderless, but other types, such as lists and tuples, are not. So you need an ordered data type to represent sorted values, which will be a list—probably a list of tuples.

For instance,

```
import operator
x = {1: 2, 3: 4, 4: 3, 2: 1, 0: 0}
sorted_x = sorted(x.items(), key=operator.itemgetter(1))
```

`sorted_x`

will be a list of tuples sorted by the second element in each tuple. `dict(sorted_x) == x`

.

And for those wishing to sort on keys instead of values:

```
import operator
x = {1: 2, 3: 4, 4: 3, 2: 1, 0: 0}
sorted_x = sorted(x.items(), key=operator.itemgetter(0))
```

In Python3 since unpacking is not allowed we can use

```
x = {1: 2, 3: 4, 4: 3, 2: 1, 0: 0}
sorted_by_value = sorted(x.items(), key=lambda kv: kv[1])
```