0 comments on “Electric Grass Mower versus Gasoline Mower”

Electric Grass Mower versus Gasoline Mower

Last Updated: 9th October, 2019

When the recoil starter on my old walk-behind gas lawn mower broke again this spring, I decided not to spend time and money repairing it, even though I had just changed the oil and replaced the spark plug and air filter. In fact, I decided the best way to avoid problems with the recoil starter in the future was to replace it with a mower that does not have a spark plug, motor oil, air filter, gas tank, or starter!

My new lawn mower is powered by a rechargeable lithium battery instead of gasoline. Running my lawn mower on electricity means I can avoid some of the hassles of maintaining a gas engine, such as:

  • Trips to the gas station to fill the gas can
     
  • Oil, air filter, and spark plug changes
     
  • Pulling the cord and adjusting the choke to get it to start

While there are clear potential benefits of switching to an electric lawn mower, can you also save money? Let’s look at the total cost of ownership for gas versus electric walk-behind mowers to see if switching to electric could save you money.

Gasoline vs. electric push mower

If you want to replace your gas push mower with an electric push mower, you have two options: a corded electric mower or a cordless electric mower.

Corded electric mowers

You can get a corded electric mower that plugs into an extension cord. Using this can be feasible if you have a small yard that is within reach of an extension cord. Corded electric mowers are the cheapest option for electric mowers in terms of initial cost, and you never need to worry about replacing batteries.

Cordless electric mowers

If you have a larger yard, or if you don’t want to mess around with an extension cord, you can get a cordless electric mower. These use rechargeable electric batteries — typically lithium batteries. If you have a larger yard, you may need more than one battery to mow the whole yard in one go. Rechargeable batteries typically have a life expectancy of around five years.

Initial cost

There’s a wide variety of push mowers available with different features and levels of capability. Depending on the model you choose, you can find a corded electric mower for about the same price or even less than some gas push mowers. By contrast, a cordless electric model can run $100 or more over the price of a similar gas model. For the purposes of comparison, I’ve chosen examples of machines with similar capability that could mow a typical medium-sized yard.

  • Poulan Pro 21-Inch Hi-Wheel Gas Push Mower: $235
  • Greenworks 12 Amp 20-Inch Corded Electric Push Mower: $179
  • Black & Decker 60V Max 20‑Inch Cordless Electric Push Mower: $315

Operating costs

The main cost to operate a push mower is fuel — either an average $2.30 per gallon for gas or around 11 cents per kilowatt hour for electricity to run a corded electric mower or to charge the battery. This works out to a fuel cost of about:

  • Gas push mower: $1.50 per half-acre
  • Corded electric push mower: $0.50 per half-acre
  • Cordless electric push mower: $0.10 per half-acre

Let’s say you mow your half-acre yard once per week for four months, or 16 times per year. The annual cost works out to:

  • Gas push mower: $24.00
  • Corded electric push mower: $8.00
  • Cordless electric push mower: $1.60

Now, let’s say you own your mower for 10 years. The total fuel cost over 10 years works out to be:

  • Gas push mower: $240.00
  • Corded electric push mower: $80.00
  • Cordless electric push mower: $16.00

Maintenance costs

Of course, batteries don’t last forever. Let’s assume you’ll need to replace your rechargeable battery after the first five years, once during the 10-year life of the mower, at a cost of $75.

A gas mower will need regular maintenance that electric mowers do not require. Let’s assume you change the oil once per year, and change the spark plug and air filter every other year for an average maintenance cost of $15 per year.

All of the lawn mowers will need to have the blade sharpened or replaced periodically, and let’s assume that costs $20 every other year, or $10 per year on average.

10-year total cost of ownership

Here is an estimate of the total cost of ownership of a push mower for 10 years.

Gas push mower: $725

$235 initial purchase + $240 gas + $150 engine maintenance + $100 blade sharpening/replacement = $725

Corded electric push mower: $359

$179 initial purchase + $80 electricity + $100 blade sharpening/replacement = $359

Cordless electric push mower: $506

$315 initial purchase + $16 electricity + $75 battery replacement + $100 blade sharpening/replacement = $506

With either a corded electric push mower or a cordless electric push mower, you will save a significant amount on gasoline and routine maintenance each year. There is a periodic cost to replace batteries as they wear out for cordless models, but the savings on gasoline and engine maintenance outweighs this expense over the life of the mower.

Depending on the model you choose and the size of your yard, a cordless electric push mower can save you money compared with a gas powered push mower. And a corded electric push mower will save you money over both of the other types of mowers.

0 comments on “Effective Water Management for Indoor Plants”

Effective Water Management for Indoor Plants

Guest Post: By Ana Symraina

Last Updated: 9th October, 2019

The Key to Plant Care

The key to a long and healthy plant life is water management.  Indoor plant care is very manageable with the most basic of information.

The Intelligent Ice-cream STICK method is brilliant yet very simple and applies to all plants in all types of containers:

If in doubt as to whether your plant requires a watering, use an Ice-cream stick to test for moisture.  Just as you would use a toothpick to check to see if your muffins are done; insert an Ice-cream stick into the base of the plant stems.  Pull the stick out and either notice if any soil is clinging to the stick.  If soil clings to the stake, this is an indication there is moisture in the root zone.  Alternatively, feel the stick for moisture levels (dry, moist or wet).  Depending on the care for your particular plant, you can make a watering decision from there. To extend the life of your Ice-cream Stick, remove it from the plant and “keep it in a dry place between uses.

Light levels are the most relative factor associated with watering routines.  Plants do require varying water management in association with their unique characteristics but light levels are the most important factor.

As light levels increase and decrease; so should our watering routines.  The changing seasons require a little extra attention as this is when we need to retrain ourselves with our watering routines.  In general; plan to increase your watering in Spring then maintain this more frequent ‘summer routine’ until Fall when watering should be tapered off to a less frequent ‘winter routine’.

As a simple example for an average indoor plant; if you are watering once per week in Summer, your Winter watering will be reduced to once every 2 weeks.

General Plant Care guidelines for glass vases with pebbles, sand, bark or decorative granules:

  • Resist any temptation to fill the vase with water
  • Water sparingly according to the label directions
  • Little to no water should remain in the bottom of the vase following watering.

0 comments on “Formula to become a Millionaire from a Penny Doubled Everyday”

Formula to become a Millionaire from a Penny Doubled Everyday

Guest Post: Alan Y.

A few years back I was having a conversation with some people on how whenever you decide to invest in something for the long term you should always think ahead on what would be the best choice in the long run while having persistence to follow through with it. The scenario was if you were given a choice to receive one million dollars in one month or a penny doubled every day for 30 days which one would you choose? When I first heard this, I knew that the penny doubled everyday must have been the better choice to go with as it was a little obvious to me that it had to be a trick question of some sort. But how much better would it be was not something that I knew immediately. So to demonstrate this, it was actually written out with all the calculations and it turned out to something like this:

Day 1: $.01
Day 2: $.02
Day 3: $.04
Day 4: $.08
Day 5: $.16
Day 6: $.32
Day 7: $.64
Day 8: $1.28
Day 9: $2.56
Day 10: $5.12
Day 11: $10.24
Day 12: $20.48
Day 13: $40.96
Day 14: $81.92
Day 15: $163.84
Day 16: $327.68
Day 17: $655.36
Day 18: $1,310.72
Day 19: $2,621.44
Day 20: $5,242.88
Day 21: $10,485.76
Day 22: $20,971.52
Day 23: $41,943.04
Day 24: $83,886.08
Day 25: $167,772.16
Day 26: $335,544.32
Day 27: $671,088.64
Day 28: $1,342,177.28
Day 29: $2,684,354.56
Day 30: $5,368,709.12

Quite a big difference once you look at it as you would be getting over 5 million dollars with the penny doubled everyday for 30 days route. The funny thing when I look at this is how it is almost like starting a business and trying to make a profit. In the beginning you struggle a lot to get things going and afterwards once it reaches to a point it just takes off smoothly. How does that analogy go again?

It is something like starting a business is like a rocket ship taking off into space. You spend 80% of your fuel during take off and once it reaches a certain point it flies smoothly with minimal consumption.

0 comments on “How to Care for your Coffea Arabica plant”

How to Care for your Coffea Arabica plant

Last Updated: 3rd September, 2019

Coffee or “coffea arabica” plants are a perfect addition to any home, adding to the elegance of your home.  They are generous growers that can continue to grow for many years, reaching up to 15 feet or more.    This plant has glossy dark green leaves that have ruffled edge.  The coffee tree is actually a variety of a tropical evergreen shrub.

Caring for your coffea houseplant

Coffea plants like filtered indirect bright sunlight, but they can also grow in less light as well.  Coffee plants are prone to whitefly, scale and mealy bugs. If you find these pests on your plants, spray a soapy mixture for 2 weeks.

After 3 or 4 years, this plant will begin to produce star-shaped white flowers that smell like jasmine.  These flowers are followed by green fruits that change to red then dark brown/black as they continue to ripen.  Inside the fruit, are two beans (or seeds) that can be roasted and ground up to make your morning cup of joe.

Watering your Coffee tree plant

When watering the coffea arabica plant, it is best to keep the soil moist but not soggy.  Use 1/3 of a cup of water, and pour near the base of the plant. Adjust your watering amounts as the months change.  One great thing about these plants is that the leaves are a big indication of when you need to water.  If it’s time, the leaves will become droopy.  See below for an example of the leaves drooping.   You can also mist your plant occasional with warm water and clean the leaves with a damp cloth.

Coffee_Plant_Needs_Water

Can this plant make coffee beans?

If you are patient, eventually this plant can produce coffee beans. Learn more about Coffee Facts here…

It typically takes 6 years for the plant to begin to produce fruit (or beans).  The coffee bean fruit appears in the summer.  Once the green shaped fruit turns to a dark brown, black color, it is ripe enough to pick.  Once you have harvested enough beans, you will then have to roast them.  There are many home type roasters out there, check out your local retailers or search on the Internet for your most convenient option.

Reviving a dying Coffee Plant

If you recently bought a new small Coffee Plant from the local nursery / store and it looks to be dying after a month or having brown tips at the edge of the leaves, then you can revive it easily by following simple steps…

A tropical indoor plant, coffee appreciates abundant levels of relative humidity. If the air in your home is too dry, your coffee plant may end up with brown leaf tips or edges. Boost humidity to keep new leaves healthy. 

0 comments on “What Not to Do in Bahamas”

What Not to Do in Bahamas

5 Mistakes to avoid in Bahamas

Last Updated: 7th Aug, 2019

Mistakes to Avoid in Bahamas

For sun deprived Canadians and Americans, the Bahamas offers an idyllic getaway with beautiful beaches, crystal clear water, and a slew of relaxing activities.

It’s no surprise, then, that this is one of the Caribbean’s most popular vacation destinations. However, just like any other country, there is a list of first-timer mistakes you should avoid while visiting. Here are five tips on how to stay safe and make the most of your time (and money) in the Bahamas. 

1. Wandering Alone at Night in the Bahamas

Like everywhere else in the world, it’s wise to take proper precautions while out at night. Be aware of your surroundings, particularly in Nassau, as the risk of crime increases after dark., however you are pretty safe at Atlantis Bahamas. Avoid walking alone after sunset, especially around poorly-lit and deserted locations, such as streets and beaches. Nightclubs and music venues provide a chance to experience local culture, though tourists should stick to heavily populated areas and walk in a group. 

While the Bahamian islands are generally considered safe for female travelers overall, it’s a good idea to dress modestly, as this is still a conservative country in many areas. This also means covering up when leaving beach areas during the day, especially since many spots away from the sand require a certain standard of dress. Women have also reported some incidents of verbal (mostly non-threatening) and sexual harassment while traveling around the Bahamas. Drink-spiking has also been reported here, so beware of friendly strangers who may want to buy you a drink, and never leave your beverage unattended. Pickpocketing, snatch-and-grab, and other petty crimes are also possible. As a result, heightened police presence and check points can be expected. Keep your valuables hidden, take only what you need with you for the day, and don’t leave your belongings unattended, even at the beach. Credit card fraud can also occur in the Bahamas, so keep an eye on your card at all times, and let your bank know when you are traveling, in case of suspicious transactions. 

2. Traveling During Hurricane Season in the Bahamas

This is a tough one because there can be some great prices, low crowds, and potentially fantastic weather in the off-season. That being said, June through November is the official hurricane season in the Bahamas, so you’ll likely want to avoid this time of year, if possible. If you’re going to take your chances and visit during the storm season, monitor local reports and check with your airline to ensure your travel plans won’t experience any delays. Travelers should also get insurance during these months to protect their trip investment. Travel insurance provides reimbursement for pre-paid, non-refundable expenses, if you need to cancel a trip for a covered reason, such as damage to your resort from a recent hurricane. 

3. Riding in Unmarked Taxis in the Bahamas

Whether you need to get to your hotel from the airport or want to explore Nassau, you should always avoid taxis that appear unlicensed. And while you’re at it, don’t hop in any licensed taxi without negotiating a fare first. Unlike other major cities around the world, most taxis in the Bahamas don’t use meters, which can make the payment process tricky. Instead of getting yourself into a sticky situation with your taxi driver, make sure to negotiate a rate upfront, especially when you’re out on the town drinking and enjoying the nightlife. Your best bet: Ask the front door staff at your hotel or resort, or the restaurant or club you’re visiting, to arrange a licensed taxi for you.

4. Expecting Punctuality on the Island

Like many Caribbean residents, Bahamians are extremely laid-back. This relaxed local lifestyle helps put tourists into the vacation spirit, but travelers expecting promptness and punctuality (New Yorkers, you know who you are) may be thrown off at first. Island time means restaurants are often slow to take orders and serve food, and guided tours and transportation options may depart later than the specified time. Rather than finding fault with this, embrace the slower pace (you are on vacation, after all) and simply book earlier transportation times or dinner reservations, if needed. 

While on the subject, Bahamians may not always be a reliable source for providing driving directions. Locals use buildings, coconut trees, and distinct colors as road markers. If you’re seeking precise directions, consult with your hotel staff to avoid having to use your phone and accruing expensive roaming fees. 

5. Transacting with Beach Vendors in the Bahamas

If you plan on frequenting the popular beaches, there’s a good chance you’ll encounter beach vendors selling everything from jet-ski rentals to water bottles and even illicit drugs. Before handing over cash, consider these precautions. In the Bahamas, water sports are not regulated, and some of the rental equipment might not be in proper working condition. Many of the vendors also don’t have the proper knowledge or training to come to your rescue if things go wrong out in the ocean. As of March 2019, the U.S. State Department travel advisory for the Bahamas stated that “activities involving commercial recreational watercraft, including water tours, are not consistently regulated. Watercraft are often not maintained, and many companies do not have safety certifications to operate in The Bahamas.”

Marijuana is illegal in many Caribbean countries, including the Bahamas. Illicit drugs, including cocaine and ecstasy, are also major no-nos, and can get you in serious trouble. If you are offered anything for sale or as a gift, it’s best to not accept it. You can be arrested for possession or trafficking of drugs, which can result in a fine, deportation, or potential jail time. That being said, Bahamians are friendly and enjoy interacting with tourists. If nothing else, say a polite “no thank you” and start conversing about something else. Locals respect visitors who are kind and humble, plus they consider joking and light teasing as a form of affection, so enjoy the humorous exchanges. 

Women’s Safety Tips in Bahamas

Women have reported verbal and sexual harassment while traveling around the Bahamas. Women travelers should reject rides from strangers, avoid hitchhiking or taxi drivers who appear unlicensed.

While the islands are considered safe for women travelers overall, it’s a good idea to dress modestly, as some Bahaman men may suspect you are looking for a partner.

Always take precautions while out at night to ensure your safety, such as taking a licensed taxi to a club or restaurant rather than walking, particularly in Nassau. Avoid walking in deserted or poorly lit areas and not walking alone.

0 comments on “How to Apply GCMS Notes – Step by Step Guide”

How to Apply GCMS Notes – Step by Step Guide

Last Updated: 7th Aug, 2019

How to apply GCMS / ATIP notes.

TIPS AND TRICKS FOR CHECKING YOUR IRCC (CIC) APPLICATION STATUS

There are three different routes to check up on the status of your application with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly CIC). The first option is to call IRCC at 1-888-242-2100. The second option is to use IRCC’s e-Client Application Status online tool at IRCC’s website. The other route is to file a request to see your GCMS notes directly to IRCC.

In this article we will be discussing about the GCMS notes and the process to apply.

Only a person who is in Canada can request the GCMS Application. Get your sponsor to request on PA’S behalf!

If principal applicant is in Canada, he/she can request for himself and apply for free under Privacy Act.

If sponsor is requesting it on behalf of Principal applicant, you need consent form from PA and $5 fee. You can receive consent form from spouse via email and upload it. Apply under Access to Information Act.

It takes about 30 days to receive by email. It is a ~30 pages document (can be more than 30 pages)

Consent form:
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/atip/form-imm5744.asp

Section A – Principal Applicant details
Section B – Sponsor’s details
Section C – Sponsor’s details

GCMS Notes:
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/atip/requests-atip.asp

In above link, click Apply online, choose English , hit Next and accept the terms & conditions.

Next enter the below details:

Requester Information
Department: Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Title: 
Family Name: 
Given Name(s) (First Name):
Mailing Address: 
Telephone No.: 
E-mail Address: 
Requesting information on your own behalf? Yes / No
Category of Requester: Member of the Public

Right of Access: Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada or Individual/corporation currently present in Canada

Method of Delivery: E-mail

Act & Record Selection

Act: Privacy Act / Access to Information Act – select this for GCMS notes for PA residing outside of Canada.

Language of records: English
Type of Records: Case Files
Requesting information for:
Surname (Family Name): 
Given Name(s) (First Name): 
Date of Birth (YYYY-MM-DD):
Client ID Number (####-####): 
Type of Documents: Notes in Electronic File
File Type: Immigration file: permanent residence ( You can also request for Sponsorship File, if SA is delayed )
File Number:

Attach documents: Proof of access ( PR card, visa doc, or passport ), Consent Form.
Make payment ($5) and submit.

*NOTE* You do not have to be physically present in Canada to order your GCMS NOTES; However, you need to be either a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident in order to request notes on Applicant’s behalf!

0 comments on “Household Plants Toxic to Cats and Dogs”

Household Plants Toxic to Cats and Dogs

Plants harmful to Pets
  • Do you know that more than 500 indoor/outdoor plants contain toxic substances that may harm cats and dogs.
  • If these plants are ingested, signs of poisoning can be mild to severe, sometimes even causing death.
  • Most houseplants have multiple names, so it is important to confirm that the houseplants you currently own or may purchase are not toxic to your pet.

Corn Plant

Corn Plant Toxic to Pets

Corn plant (also known as cornstalk plant, dracaena, dragon tree, and ribbon plant) is toxic to dogs and cats. Saponin is the toxic chemical compound in this plant. If this plant is ingested, vomiting (with or without blood), appetite loss, depression, and/or increased salivation can occur. Affected cats may also have dilated pupils.

Elephant Ear

Allocasia Toxic Plant

Elephant ear (also known as caladium, taro, pai, ape, cape, via, via sori, and malanga) contains a chemical similar to the one in dieffenbachia, so an animal’s toxic reaction to elephant ear is similar: oral irritation, increased salivation, difficulty swallowing, and vomiting.

Lilies

Calla Lily Toxic to Pets

Many plants of the lily family are considered toxic to cats, and some are considered toxic to dogs. Cats are the only animals in which the Easter and stargazer lilies are known to be toxic. Generally, a cat’s first toxic reaction to this plant includes vomiting, lethargy, and a lack of appetite, but severe kidney failure and even death can quickly follow if a cat is untreated. The peace lily (also known as Mauna Loa) is toxic to dogs and cats. Ingestion of the peace lily or calla lily can cause irritation of the tongue and lips, increased salivation, difficulty swallowing, and vomiting.

Asparagus Fern

Asparagus fern (also called emerald feather, emerald fern, sprengeri fern, plumosa fern, and lace fern) is toxic to dogs and cats. The toxic agent in this plant is sapogenin — a steroid found in a variety of plants. If a dog or cat ingests the berries of this plant, vomiting, diarrhea, and/or abdominal pain can occur. Allergic dermatitis (skin inflammation) can occur if an animal is repeatedly exposed to this plant.

Dieffenbachia

Dieffenbachia (commonly known as dumb cane, tropic snow, and exotica) is toxic to dogs and cats. Dieffenbachia contains a chemical that is a poisonous deterrent to animals. If this plant is ingested, oral irritation can occur, especially on the tongue and lips. This irritation can lead to increased salivation, difficulty swallowing, and vomiting.

Cyclamen

Cyclamen (also known as sowbread) is a pretty, flowering plant that is toxic to dogs and cats. If ingested, this plant can cause increased salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea. If an animal ingests a large amount of the plant’s tubers — which are found at the root, generally below the soil — heart rhythm abnormalities, seizures, and even death can occur.

Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf philodendron (also known as horsehead philodendron, cordatum, fiddle-leaf, panda plant, split-leaf philodendron, fruit salad plant, red emerald, red princess, and saddle leaf) is a common, easy-to-grow houseplant that is toxic to dogs and cats. This philodendron contains a chemical that can irritate the mouth, tongue, and lips of animals. An affected pet may also experience increased salivation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing.

Jade Plant

Jade plant (also known as baby jade, dwarf rubber plant, jade tree, Chinese rubber plant, Japanese rubber plant, and friendship tree) is toxic to cats and dogs. The toxic property in this plant is unknown, but ingestion of it can cause vomiting, depression, ataxia (incoordination), and bradycardia (slow heart rate; this is rare).

Aloe Plant

Aloe plant (also known as medicine plant and Barbados aloe) is a common succulent plant that is toxic to dogs and cats. Aloin is considered the toxic agent in this plant. This bitter, yellow substance is found in most aloe species and may cause vomiting and/or the urine to become reddish.

Satin Pothos

Satin pothos (also known as silk pothos) is toxic to dogs and cats. If ingested by a cat or dog, this plant may irritate the mouth, lips, and tongue. The pet may also experience an increase in salivation, vomiting, and/or difficulty swallowing.

1 comment on “OINP Express Entry Priorities Stream – Comprehensive Guide 2019”

OINP Express Entry Priorities Stream – Comprehensive Guide 2019

Guest PostRami M.

A lot of people have approached me and asked to explain to them on how to proceed after getting a PT letter (Letter of Interest) from Ontario. Though everything is there in the application guide, I would like to break it down and explain briefly about how to proceed and submit a COMPLETE application to Ontario after getting PT.

Note 1: Certain requirements have been left out in the guide below (Such as financial documents pertaining to applicants having bank accounts in Canada, documents to be submitted for applicants who have degrees from Canada and work experience in Canada, etc) but still, I have provided the detail on how to find this information in the application guide. Most of the details present here are for the applicants who are applying from outside Canada (without a Canadian Degree/Canadian bank account/job in Canada). Nonetheless, I believe that this guide is practically comprehensive and applicants applying from within Canada/outside Canada can equally benefit from it.

Note 2: If you have 400+ CRS and you haven’t received PT in a while, please re-create your profile.

Note 3: You need at least a “Bachelor’s degree” to be eligible to apply to OINP.

Note 4: You should have at least 1 year work experience in the past 5 years from the date you get PT notification.

The two most important things you need to proceed are the Application Guide and the OINP Updates page

Below is a very high level idea of how you could proceed.

——————————————————————————————————————–

Step 1: Study the application guide and the updates page carefully.

Step 2: Download the application form.

Step 3: Fill out the application form.

Step 4: Gather all the required documents.

Step 5: Compile all the documents section wise and create a neat application package.

Step 6: Send the complete application package to OINP.

Step 7: Wait for AOR.

Step 8: Expect a verification call/Additional document request.

Step 9: Wait for nomination.

Step 10: After you get the decision.

——————————————————————————————————————–

Step 1 – Study the application guide and the updates page carefully​.


The first and foremost step would be to study the application guide and the updates page. The application guide contains guidelines about the documents you need and details on how to fill your application form. In the updates page, OINP posts important updates to the program (Please check the January 11 update – We will discuss about this in the later sections).

Step 2 – Download the application form.

The link to download the application form is available in the application guide on page 16. Please download the application form from there.

Step 3 – Fill out the application form


Please fill the application form carefully. Please note that the application form can be filled both electronically OR manually. I suggest you to fill the form electronically – It would look neat! You are responsible for whatever is filled in the application form. Let me quickly run you through the process of filling the application form.

Application Details Section – In this section, you will be asked about the program you are applying to and about the economic class you are applying under.

I) “Select below the stream you are applying for” – Tick the box “Human Capital Priorities Stream”.

II) “Once you have registered for Express Entry you will be informed by the Express Entry System which federal program(s) you are eligible for. Ontario will only accept candidates who are eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program or the Canadian Experience Class. Which of the two are you eligible for?” – Tick the appropriate stream you are eligible under.

III) “You must choose one of the federal programs you are eligible for to be assessed against. Which program would you like to be assessed against?” – If you are eligible for FSW only, check FSW. If you are eligible for both, then tick which program you wish to be assessed against and if you are eligible for CEC only, then tick CEC.

TIP: If you are eligible under CEC, then I suggest you to go with it because people applying under CEC have very quick processing times (relative to the processing times of FSW applicants).

A) Personal Information Section –

I) Fill in your last name, your first name and your middle name. If you do not have a middle name, write N/A.

Ia) List any other names that you might use/might have used. If none, then write N/A.

II) Mention your Date of Birth, your gender and the place of birth (according to your passport), Country of Birth, country of Citizenship and Country of residence (If all the three are the same (say for instance, India), then write India on all the three text boxes) and your Marital Status (If you are married, you CANNOT apply as a single applicant –You must say married even though your spouse may be non-accompanying).

3. Details on your previous applications/visits to Canada –

I) “For applicants currently in Canada (a copy of your Work Permit, Study Permit, Temporary Resident Visa, and/or any other Canadian immigration document or entry stamp must be provided with your application package)” – If applicable, then tick the appropriate document and provide the UCI number in the box below. If this is not applicable to you, write N/A.

II) “Have you, your spouse or common-law partner, or any of your dependent children, already submitted or been included in an Application for Permanent Residence to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)?”

and

III) “Have you, your spouse or common-law partner, or any of your dependent children, already submitted or been included in an Application under a Provincial Nominee Program to another province or territory? “

– Answer accordingly. If yes, then provide the requested details below. If no, then tick no and write N/A in the fields below.

Tip: Please note that some fields are numeric only and you cannot print N/A. Leave these fields empty, print the form and then write N/A. If you fail to write N/A in any of the fields and leave it blank, your application might be returned.

4. Passport Details –

Enter your passport number, Name as on passport and the expiry date

5. Address Details –

Enter your permanent address and (if different from permanent address), your mailing address. If your permanent address and the mailing address are the same, then check the box to the left of “Check if same as above”. If it is different, then provide a mailing address.

Tip: Please note that some parts of the address like “Direction”, No. Suffix etc might not be applicable to applicants from all countries. If your address doesn’t have those fields, write N/A there. If you are not able to write N/A, leave it blank and after you print the form, write N/A with a pen.

5a. Preferred Language –

Tick your preferred language

6. Preferred Language –

“Please list any visits you have made to Canada in the last ten years (use attachment if additional space required).”

If applicable, fill in the details. Otherwise, write N/A. If you have multiple visits, then click on the “Add visit” button to add multiple visits.

7. Native Language –

Please fill in your “Native Language” (usually your mother tongue).

“What other languages do you speak fluently (if any)?”

Mention any other languages you might speak fluently.

B) Assistance with application – 

1. Did you have help preparing your Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program application? – Tick “Yes” or “No” accordingly and mention the relationship.

2. If yes, did you pay this person to help prepare your Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program application form? – Tick accordingly. If you say “Yes”, you need to provide an additional form. This is the verbiage on the site – “Attach an Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program Authorizing or Cancelling a Representative form if you would like to authorize this individual to communicate on your behalf regarding the application”.

Tip: Unless you got help from a ICCRC certified agent, you can generally say “No”. Only ICCRC certified members are eligible to take payment for assisting you with a PNP/PR application.

C) Learning about the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program- 

1. How did you learn about the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program? (check only one box) – Indicate how you came to know about the program.

D) Occupation and Education (Principal Applicant Only) –

1. Current Occupation – Mention your current occupation. You can mention your job title (and NOC, if you want to.).

2. In what occupation do you intend to work in Ontario – Mention an occupation that falls under or is similar to your primary NOC.

3. Personal and Work History (Principal Applicant Only) –As indicated, provide the details of personal (includes all periods of education, unemployment, traveling, being a homemaker etc,.) and your employment details. If you are less than 28 years old, provide details since your 18th birthday. If you are 28 or older, then provide the details for the last 10 years.

Tip: Please do NOT leave ANY gaps in time – not even one day.

4. Were you self-employed during any of the above listed periods? (Principal Applicant Only) – Tick accordingly.

5. Highest Level of Education (Principal Applicant Only) – Indicate your highest level of education. If you are claiming points for 2 or more degrees, then tick “Other” and mention both the Canadian Equivalencies as available in your ECA report.

Tip: Please note that you need at least a Canadian Bachelors degree (or an ECA that says “Bachelor’s degree) to be eligible for EE. If you have a PT and you don’t have Bachelors degree – you are NOT eligible to apply.

6. Education History (Principal Applicant Only) – Mention your Education history below.

7. If you intend to work in an occupation that requires licensing in Ontario, do you have a certificate of qualification issued by a provincial or territorial body? (attach supporting certificate) – Indicate if you have a license (if your NOC is regulated). If your NOC is not regulated, choose “Not Applicable”.

Tip: Don’t worry – This has nothing to do with your application. Even if your NOC is regulated and you say NO to license, you are perfectly fine.

8. Language Proficiency (Principal Applicant Only) –Tick which language tests are applicable to you. 

8a and 8b. Mention your test scores. There is confusion here – If the actual scores have to be submitted or the CLB equivalent. IMO, it doesn’t matter – Either is fine (because you will be submitting your IELTS TRF and they will be able to verify it there).

E) Occupation and Education Obtained in CANADA (For spouse or common-law partner, if applicable) – 

1. If your spouse has any Canadian work experience and or education, please mention it here. Otherwise, write N/A.

2. Language Proficiency by spouse or common-law partner only, if applicable. – If your spouse has language test results, you can mention them here.

F) Intention to Reside in ON – 

1. If you become a permanent resident, do you intend to reside in Ontario? – Goes without a saying, you need to tick “YES” to this question.

2. Please list all of the ties that you have established in Ontario. Please refer to the Application Guide for more details. Use a separate sheet if necessary. – Mention your ties (if any). Ties may include any friends/relatives in Ontario, past study in Ontario, past work experience in Ontario etc. If you have no ties, mention something like “No ties – Please find the attached intent letter” or something on those lines.

3. Do you have a job offer or employment in Ontario? – Indicate accordingly.

Tip: This job offer may or may not be LMIA based.

4. Do you or, if applicable, your accompanying spouse or common-law partner, have a relative living in Canada who is 18 years of age or older and is a citizen or a permanent resident of Canada? – Indicate accordingly. If you tick “Yes”, then answer the below questions too –

“If yes, please indicate who this relative is related to” and “Type of relationship to you or your spouse/common-law partner”.

G) Settlement Funds – 

1. Total funds available for settlement in Ontario in Canadian dollars – Enter the amount of unencumbered funds that you have (and that you can use for supporting yourself in Ontario.

2. Total number of family members (including yourself) – Indicate accordingly. For the purpose of immigration, your dependents include your spouse and your children (whether accompanying or not).

Tip: If you have an ongoing job in Ontario or you have a valid job offer in Ontario then you are exempt from showing proof of funds.

G) Family Information – 

1. Do you have dependent family members accompanying you to Canada? – Indicate accordingly. If you tick “Yes”, please fill in the below form. Please do not include family members who are Canadian Citizens or Permanent Residents of Canada.

If this section is not applicable to you, please write “N/A”.

F) Fees-

Please indicate the mode of payment.

The fee amount is 1500 Canadian Dollars. The most common mode of payment is the bank draft (also known as Demand Draft {DD} ). If any other mode suits you better, feel free to use that.

Tip 1: If you are unable to get a draft in your country (a few applicants have come to me with this query), you can ask your friends in other countries to get the draft made. Get it from them and then send it along with the application form.

Tip 2: The DD can be issued payable to “Ontario Minister of Finance” OR “Minister of Finance, Ontario”. Both are acceptable.

Tip 3: The amount should be in Canadian Dollars.

J) Application Checklist- 

I) FORMS-

1. Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program Nominee Application for Ontario Express Entry Streams form (this form) – Tick this – Mandatory.

2. Authorizing or Cancelling a Representative form (if applicable) – If you are applying by yourself, ignore this. Do NOT tick.

II) Work Experience– 

1. Copies of letters of reference from all your employers for the past 10 years or since you were 18 years old, whichever period is shorter Note: Originals may be requested later in the process by the program. – Tick this field – Mandatory.

Tip: The letters:

Must:
• be written on company letterhead,
• be signed by the responsible officer/supervisor,
• show the company’s full address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail and website addresses, and
• be stamped with the company’s official seal (if applicable).

Must include all of the following information:
• the specific period of your employment with the company (years and months),
• the positions you have held during the period of employment and the time spent in each position,
• your main responsibilities and duties in each position,
• your total annual salary plus benefits,
• the number of hours worked per week, and
• any extended periods of leave (i.e. more than one month).

You can also include supporting documents such as work contracts/pay slips.

I have explained a little more about the reference letters in Step 4.

2. If you or your accompanying spouse have engaged in full-time work in Canada, with appropriate authorization, please provide: – If your spouse has any Canadian work experience, then tick the check boxes below (select the documents that you have provided as proof).

• Copy of work/employment contracts
• Letter(s) of reference (as per requirements stated above) from your past Canadian employer(s)
• A copy of any T4s if available
• A copy of the employment authorization (e.g. work permit)
• A copy of any Notices of Assessment issued by Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) if available
• Pay statements and any relevant documentation that can support your Canadian work experience

3. The following documents are required if you have been self-employed and choose to be assessed against the Federal Skilled Worker Program: For all periods during which you have been self-employed in the past 10 years, or since you were 18 years old, (whichever period is shorter), provide copies of:

• Business/company registration documents
• Proof of business conducted with clients (invoices, bills, client references)
• Balance sheets
• Income tax returns and T4A statements (if self-employed in Canada)
• Proof of your license to practice (if you are a private practitioner) in a regulated field

Note: Self-employed individuals must provide documentation from clients indicating the service provided along with payment details. Self declared main duties or affidavits are not acceptable evidence of work experience.

III) Education/Training/Qualifications-

• Certified true copies of applicant’s university degree(s), college diploma(s) and/or occupational certificates – While this says “Certified true copies”, applicants have got nomination while they submitted only a photocopy of their degree certificate ALONG with their ECA report. If you see the need the need to notarize the degree certificate, feel free. (More in Step 4)

• Original transcripts in a sealed envelope from educational institution (Canadian programs/degrees only) –Applicable only if your spouse has Canadian Work experience. However, some of my peers suggest that a copy of the degree certificate of the spouse along with an ECA be submitted IF you are claiming any CRS points for your spouse education.

• Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) Report  You must submit a photocopy of the HARD COPY of the ECA report you received by snail-mail (not the online PDF version). In addition to this, you will have to authorize your ECA issuing organization to share a copy of the report with OINP. (Details in Step 4)

As you might already know, the ECA report is valid for 5 years only (from the date of evaluation).

If any of the following apply to you, tick them and provide documentation accordingly –

• Proof of previous study in Canada (if applicable): copies of study permits issued to you and any certificates/diplomas or degrees awarded
• Proof of previous study in Canada (if applicable): copies of study permits issued to your accompanying spouse or common-law and any certificates/diplomas or degrees awarded.
• Evidence of good academic standing and length of program(s) completed (spouse or common-law partner only)

IV) Language Proficiency- 

• IELTS (General Training test only) or CELPIP (General test only)
• TEF: Scores in four competencies (compréhension écrite, compréhension orale, expression écrite, expression orale)

Provide a photocopy of the TRF (s).

V) Settlement Funds- 

Provide proof of unencumbered and readily transferable funds in a convertible currency available for settlement in Ontario:

• Current bank certification letter; or
• Evidence of savings balance; or
• Fixed or time deposit statements.

Details in Step 4.

VI) Additional Supporting Documents- 

• Copy of applicant’s resume (MANDATORY)
• Copy of applicant’s entire passport including all blank pages, Temporary Resident Visas, entry stamps, and/or any other immigration stamps, and copies of Work Permits, Study Permits, and/or any other Canadian immigration documents *
• Copy of each dependant’s passport page which shows his/her photo and personal information
• Copy of applicant’s birth certificate *
• Positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)/Labour Market Opinion (LMO) (if applicable)

Resume and passport copies are mandatory. More about this in Step 4.

1. Proof of employment in Ontario (if applicable)

If you have claimed that you have have a job offer/you are currently working in Ontario, you must submit the letter in the following format.

You must submit a letter from your employer/prospective employer. The letter from your employer/prospective employer must:
• be written on company letterhead,
• be signed by the responsible officer/supervisor,
• show the company’s full address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail and website addresses,
• be stamped with the company’s official seal (if applicable).
Letters must include all of the following information:
• expected start date of employment,
• indication of duration of the employment,
• title of the position you will hold during employment and the National Occupation Classification (NOC) code (if known),
• total annual salary plus benefits,
• number of hours to be worked per week.

2. Proof of any ties established in Ontario

Please do not tick this until and unless you have mentioned any ties and you have supporting documents for them. More about ties in Step 4.

3. Photos of yourself as per specification provided (Principal Applicant Only) –Tick this – Mandatory

Specifications are available in the application guide.

K) Applicant’s Statements and Authorization- 

“Read the statements and tick the box “I have read, understand, and agree with all of the above authorizations and certifications, having asked for and obtained an explanation satisfactory to me of every point which was unclear to me.” – This is a mandatory field.

Sign the declaration below with your name, signature and date.
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L) Accompanying Spouse or Common-law partner’s and Accompanying Dependents’ (aged 16 or over) Statements and Authorizations- 

Your dependents (spouse, children over 16 should) enter their name and date and sign here. If your children are below 16 years old, you can sign on their behalf (as parent/guardian).

Step 4 – Gather all the required documents
Now, let me tell you what documents you need to gather for your application package.

Tip : If ANY of your documents are NOT in English or French, then you MUST get it translated AND get the translated copy notarized. You MUST submit both the original AND translated versions of the document.

The following documents are required for the PA (and where applicable, for spouse)

1. The application form : – As already mentioned above, the application form must be COMPLETE. If any section is not applicable to you, please mark “N/A” there – DO NOT LEAVE IT EMPTY. Also, please DO NOT forget to SIGN THE APPLICATION FORM. The PA should sign Section K and your dependents must sign Section L. If you do not sign your application form or if you fail to write “N/A” and leave fields empty, YOUR APPLICATION PACKAGE WILL BE DEEMED INCOMPLETE AND RETURNED TO YOU THROUGH COURIER. You will have to correct the mistakes/attach missed documents and send the application package again.

2. Education-related documents :

• Photocopy of the hard copy of the ECA report (for PA) – Please place a photocopy of the HARD COPY of the ECA report (That you received by snail mail and not the online PDF version).

Some people suggest that if you are claiming CRS points for spouse education, it is better to send a photocopy of the ECA of the spouse too.

• Photocopy of your degree certificate and transcripts (for PA) – A regular photocopy of your degree certificate and transcripts.

• Proof of having ordered a copy of your ECA to be directly sent to OINP (for PA). – As per the JAN 11 update, order for a copy of your ECA to be directly sent to OINP. Order the copy and place the receipt as proof of having ordered a copy.

Process of ordering the copy and the processing time might vary from one ECA issuing organization to another. So, please check out the Jan 11 update on the OINP Updates page.

• Photocopy of your IELTS TRF (for PA/Spouse) – A photocopy of your IELTS Test Report Form.

•Certified true copies of transcripts (If your degree/diploma or that of your spouse’s is a Canadian Degree/Diploma) – If your/your spouse’s degree/diploma was gained in Canada, then, you MUST submit CERTIFIED TRUE COPIES of your transcripts.

Note : If your/spouse’s education is from a Canadian institution, please refer the application guide for more details (page 10).

3. Civil Status Documents :

• Photocopy of Birth Certificate – Provide a photocopy of the PA’s BC. If the PA doesn’t have a BC, then write a LOE stating that you do NOT have a BC and get it notarized. Also, submit any other document that shows your DOB (like 10th/12th certificate, degree certificates or other documents (notarized copies suggested).

• Photocopies of Passport (PA) – The PA has to submit clear, legible photocopies of ALL the pages of passports (whether or not it contains any stamps or markings).

Note : It is recommended that the PA’s passport be valid for 2 more years from the date of PT. If the PP is expiring in less than 2 years, apply for a new Passport and attach a receipt and write a LOE that says you have applied for a new PP and attach the receipt. You can update OINP through email after you have received your new PP.

If the passport has been valid for less than 2 years (That is, if you got a PP/renewed your PP in the past 2 years, you MUST submit copies of ALL the pages of previous passport as well.

• Photocopies of Passport (Dependents) – The dependents (includes spouse and children) need to submit ONLY the BIOGRAPHIC pages of the passport (that is, the page that contains the personal information like name, PP number, address etc. This document is required for spouse AND all dependent children.

Marriage certificate – Though not mentioned in the application guide, it is highly recommended that you send a copy of your marriage certificate.
(Thanks to CanadaWeCome for pointing this out).

4. Proof of funds :

This documentation might differ from one person to another. Savings account balance and FDs are the most commonly used means to show POF so I will discuss this below.

• Showcasing Savings account balance – If you are showing your savings account balance as proof of funds, you need to submit the following –

a) Bank letter – Should be on the letterhead of the bank. It should contain the following information – Name, Account Number, Date when the account was opened and funds available.

Note : The letter does not necessarily need to mention the Canadian Equivalent of your funds. It is sufficient if the letter mentions in your local currency alone. Also, not all banks mention the 6 month average balance on the letter so it is okat if your letter does not contain this information as well.

b) Six months bank statements – Get 6 months statements stamped by the bank.

Note 1: If you have large deposits in your account within the past 6 months, you might have to explain the source of funds. If you have any such deposit, you can prepare a “gift deed”. You can find the procedure/formats online. Along with this, you need to submit proof of debit from the account of the person who gave you the gift AND the proof of credit into your account. Write a letter detailing the transaction. OINP/CIC does not generally request the source of funds for the person who gave you the gift.

Note 2: If you acquired funds by selling some of your assets (like car/property/jewels) – then you might NOT need a gift deed. You can attach a LOE stating how you got those funds and you can attach proof of sale.

• Showcasing Fixed Deposits – If you are showing your Fixed Deposits, then you need to submit the following –

a) Bank Letter – Should be on the letterhead of the bank. It should contain the following information – Name, FD(s) number, Date of deposit and funds.

Note 1 and 2 that is given above applies to funds in FD too.

b) FD receipt/advise – Get FD receipt(s) stamped from the bank that shows proof of deposit.

4. Proof of Employment:

Employer reference letter –

One of the most important documents in your application package is your employer reference letter. Your employer letter should be in the following format –

Letters must:
• be written on company letterhead,
• be signed by the responsible officer/supervisor,
• show the company’s full address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail and website addresses, and
• be stamped with the company’s official seal (if applicable).

Letters must include all of the following information:

• the specific period of your employment with the company (years and months),
• the positions you have held during the period of employment and the time spent in each position,
• your main responsibilities and duties in each position,
• your total annual salary plus benefits,
• the number of hours worked per week, and
• any extended periods of leave (i.e. more than one month).

A sample format of the letter is provided below –

To Whomsoever It May Concern​
Date: Month Day, YYYY​

Sub: Reference letter for Mr. XXXX

Dear Sir/Madam,

This is to certify that Mr.XXXX has been working for XXX company since XX. The details of his/her employment are as follows :

Current Designation: XXXX

Tenure of Employment: DD, MM, YYYY to Ongoing/DD, MM YYYY

Annual pay package: Currency XXXX

Number of hours worked per week: XX hours

Nature of work: Full time

Mr. XX performs the following duties in the role of a “XX”.

XX
XX
XX
XX

Feel free to contact me if you need any further information. My details are as follows.

Name: XX
Designation: XX
E-mail: XX
Contact Number: XX

Signature:Click to expand…Many companies do NOT provide you a letter in such a format on the letter head of the company. In that case, get such a letter from your Manager/senior colleague. Get it duly signed from them and attach their business card/company ID card as proof. GET THIS LETTER NOTARIZED.

Supporting documents – It is recommended to support additional documents to prove your work experience like your payslips (past 6 months), offer letter, appointment letters, promotion letters, pay scale hike letters etc,.

Resume – You MUST submit a resume as a part of your application package. No specific format exists, per say – Use a standard North American format.

Note 1: For people who have Canadian experience, please refer the application guide (page 9).
Note 2: To prove any periods of self employment, you would need the following documentation –

• Business/company registration documents
• Proof of business conducted with clients (invoices, bills, client references)
• Balance sheets
• Income tax returns and T4A statements (if self-employed in Canada)
• Proof of your license to practice (if you are a private practitioner) in a regulated field.

4. Letter of Intent/Reasons to settle in Ontario:

The purpose of this letter is to convince the officer that if, you are provided with a nomination, you will stay in Ontario and make it your permanent home. You should consider doing some research on various fronts and write a letter. You can mention about your employment opportunities in Ontario, your future higher education plans, your kid’s education etc,. Further, you can outline your plans in Ontario – do some research on transportation, accommodation, finance and healthcare and write about it. Try to write at least one page – Anything below that is too less IMO.

Be honest, polite but convey your reasons and intent in a firm manner.

Ties in Ontario – If you have any ties in Ontario, please provide proof like your friend/relative’s PR card/Lease agreement/Passports(if citizen)/Driver’s License etc,.

If you have a sibling in Ontario, then you can provide Birth Certificates to show common parents along with the documents mentioned above.

5. Photos – Photos (specifications in application guide) are required for the PA. As I write, this is the verbiage on the application guide (Page 14).

Dimensions: final frame size of the photo must be at least 35mm by 45mm (1 3/8” x 1 3/4”), showing full front view of the head, with the face in the middle of the photograph and including the top of the shoulders. 

• Head, from chin to crown, must be between 31mm and 36mm (1 1/4” or 17/16”). 
• The background of the photo must be white.
• Your name and date of birth must be written on the back of each photo.
• The photos must be placed in a small envelope and attached to the first page of the application to enclose with your application package submission.\That is the end of this section. These are the documents that you’ll be submitting as part of your application package.

REMEMBER –

• To write “N/A” in the application form for fields/sections that are NOT applicable to you. Do not give OINP a chance to return your application because of this ridiculously silly mistake.

• To write the Job Seeker Validation Code – This is available in the PDF in the very first message you receive after you create your EE profile.

• To get your documents translated and notarized if they are not in English or French, Submit both the original and the translated version.

• To submit business card/company ID card of the person signing the letter and get it notarized if it is NOT on the company letter head.

Step 5 – Compile all the documents section wise and create a neat application package.
Now that you have all the documents, you need to compile the documents and create an “application package”. This is where your presentation skills should kick in. Whatever you do, make it look neat!

Tips –

• Write and submit a cover letter that contains an index – This makes the job easier for the assessing officer.

• DO NOT STAPLE. Use paper clips to hold documents together. I used 3 paperclips (One on the top left corner, one in the middle and one on the bottom) to bind different sections of documents together (for instance, all academic documents were compiled and held together by three paper clips). Some people suggest using binder clips but I don’t recommend it because it adds weight.

• Use a cover page for every section. For instance, keep a page that says “Work Experience Documents” as the first page of the work experience documents pile. Would looks organized.

• Use your creativity – Make it look as neat and organized as possible.

• Place your photos and the DD/Cheque inside a small envelope and place it use a paper clip to pin to the first page of your application package.

• If you have any good tips, leave them in the comments.

When you are done compiling, place all the documents in a clean, transparent folder before placing it in the envelope.

Make the contents on the envelope look neat too. You will send the package to the address below –

Ontario
Immigrant Nominee Program
Ministry of Citizenship, Immigration and International Trade
400 University Avenue, Ground Floor
Toronto, Ontario
M7A 2R9
Mention your name, your EE profile number, the program name (“Human Capital Priorities Stream” in this case) and your mobile number. Mention your complete return address too.

Step 6 – Send the complete application package to OINP.
So, you have a complete application package now and you are all set to send it to OINP. Use a reliable courier service to send your documents. I approached BlueDart and looks like they had some kind of tie-up with DHL. My package was delivered on the third day after I made the payment (around INR 3300).

Please make sure you send your documents on time (send your application at least 15 days before your PT expires).

Note : If the 45th day falls on a weekend or on a holiday, OINP will still accept your application if is is delivered on the very next working day.

Step 7 – Wait for AOR
The hard part begins – WAITING! Generally, an FSW applicant can expect an AOR within 6 – 8 weeks after OINP received your application (4 – 6 weeks for CEC applicants) but there might be some exceptions. As I write, I’m on my 90th day after sending my application and haven’t received an AOR yet. 

:(

 . Hope I receive it soon!

While you wait, you could post your experiences/help other people who are new to the process – Good way to keep yourself distracted from the agony of the wait.

If your application is deemed incomplete (which won’t happen if you follow the guide properly 

;)

 ), the entire application package will be returned to you via courier. OINP will give you another chance to submit a complete application package. You will find a sheet inside that shows what documents were missing/what information was incomplete. The clock is reset. You will have to wait another 6 – 8 weeks (FSW) or 4-6 weeks (CEC) to get an AOR. So be careful and submit complete documents. Do not miss anything.

Step 8 – Expect a verification call/Additional document request.
You should expect an additional document request and/or verification call from OINP. Your employer/person who gave you the reference letter might also get a call. Alert them.

OINP usually asks for the following documents –

• 6 months payslips
• Updated bank statements
• Employment documents (Offer letter or other work contract documents)
• Proof of job search in Ontario (Common for CEC applicants/rare for FSW counterparts)
• Proof of intent to reside in Ontario (For CEC applicants)
• Source of funds (VERY rare – Expect this if your funds are not more than at least 3 months old)

In the verification call, the officer discusses about the details on your application form. Please be advised that you mighr be asked to explain your roles and responsibilities.

For people who have not submitted the receipt of ECA to be sent directly sent to OINP, you will get this request via email.

So, please create accounts on job portals and try applying for some jobs in Ontario.

Step 9 – Wait for nomination
You are approaching the end of the process – Nomination. All the above content/advise/comments/suggestions/tips/notes is for this one thing – Nomination from OINP. You have some waiting to do here too – Nominations are usually quick for CEC applicants. For FSW applicants, it is usually 1.5 – 2 months after AOR. There might be delays, of course!

Once OINP approves your application, you will receive a message in your myCIC account. Open it and voila! – You will see an option to “Accept”” the nomination (Please do not press decline in excitement – Thank me later!). Once you accept this nomination, your CRS will grow by 600 points and will guarantee you an ITA in the next draw.

God forbid, if OINP intends to decline your application, you will receive a “Procedural Fairness Letter”. You can challenge this decision by giving them additional proof. Please note that this takes quite some time to get processes. Your request to re-consider will be taken up by an officer who is a senior to the officer who processed your application and was not involved in the previous decision. This officer will take a fresh look at the application and if he is satisfied, he might approve your application and provide you with a nomination. Else, I’d rather not say.

I know this is a LONG guide but I had to explain every nuance to make things clear! Hope you enjoyed reading it and I believe it will benefit people who are applying to OINP. Please let me know your comments – Constructive criticism is welcome!

Good luck and all the very best to all the applicants!

0 comments on “Is it true that YouTube will Limit Ads For Creators Whose Videos Receive ‘Inappropriate Comments’?”

Is it true that YouTube will Limit Ads For Creators Whose Videos Receive ‘Inappropriate Comments’?

Youtube_Action_on_Inappropriate_Comments

YouTube will Limit Ads For Creators having ‘Inappropriate Comments’

As per SlashDot News,

In response to a mother’s inquiry into why her son’s gymnastics videos were deemed not advertiser friendly, YouTube said on Twitter it has “taken a number of actions to better protect the YouTube community from content that endangers minors.” The video-sharing website went on to say something very concerning for anyone who has ever uploaded a video to the site: “… even if your video is suitable for advertisers, inappropriate comments could result in your video receiving limited or no ads (yellow icon).” 

Essentially, what YouTube is saying is that if someone leaves a “incendiary or demeaning” comment, or one with “inappropriate language,” the video which features that comment could get demonetized and the content creator would not generate money from it. If you’ve ever read a comment thread on YouTube, it shouldn’t take long for you to realize how big of an issue this could become. According to YouTube’s “advertiser-friendly content guidelines,” the following content may not be suitable for most advertisers: “controversial issues and sensitive events,” “drugs and dangerous products or substances,” “harmful or dangerous acts,” “harmful or dangerous acts,” “hateful content,” “inappropriate language,” “inappropriate use of family entertainment characters,”

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Is it better to have Less Adsense Units to Make More Revenue?

Guest Post: Samantha

Last Updated: 18th July, 2019

adsense_online_ads

I love writing content online, and I also love Google Adsense. Adsense is a great program that helps online publishers earn revenue from their content. Since I do run my sites as a commercial enterprise (meaning I do earn revenue that exceeds expenses), I do take the time to try and maximize my revenues.

So I have been researching ways to increase Google Adsense revenue, and I stumbled upon an interesting idea: Less Adsense ads per page may increase total revenue.

Do Less Adsense Units Per Page Make More Revenue (Money) Per Click?

First let me back up and explain the theory on how this supposedly works. Adsense advertisers use a “bidding” process to bid for their ad placements.  The highest bidder for a particular phrase or keyword will have the top ad placement, at the top ad unit that first appears in your page’s HTML code.

The more ad units (and ad spaces) you have on your page, the more bids there will be. So the theory works by saying if you only have 1 Adsense unit on your page (as opposed to the maximum 3), you will increase your revenue since the only bidders that show up will have higher costs per click.

To illustrate how this will work, let me give a brief example:

If you used all 3 Adsense units (that show both image and text ads), and you placed a large skyscraper, and 2 large square sized ads on your page. In this example, you can have up to 13 different ad slots (5 text on the skyscraper, and 4 text on the large squares each).

Of course, sometimes the large square or skyscraper may be an image ad, in which case only 1 ad slot counts. But assuming they are all text ads, there may be as many as 13 different ad slots.

So if there are this many slots on your 3 Adsense units, the clicks may be priced as follows:

  1. $2.50
  2. $1.75
  3. $1.34
  4. $1.05
  5. $0.93
  6. $0.83
  7. $0.77
  8. $0.71
  9. $0.65
  10. $0.50
  11. $0.41
  12. $0.20
  13. $0.08

As you can see, if someone clicked on the last Adsense unit on your page, and clicked a lower ad, it would result in a lower click earning. However, if they clicked the top ads, it would result in a higher click earning.

The theory then goes, that if you only use 1 or 2 Adsense units on your page, you will reduce the number of low paying clicks.

So in the other example, assuming you only have 1 large Adsense square (with both image and text ads set), you could have 1-4 ads slots displaying on the page only (depending on whether an image or text ad shows). The costs per click may look something like this:

  1. $2.50
  2. $1.75
  3. $1.34
  4. $1.05

Thus, the one ad would result in the highest click, and you would earn more revenue. I researched this and looked at a lot of threads and posts by other bloggers and webmasters online, and I was eager to see if this worked. Some said it worked great, others said they earned less using this method.

On one forum, an actual Adsense advisor recommeded people use the maximum number of ad units (3), and that they use the larger formats to maximize revenue. So needless to say, there was a lot of conflicting information, so I thought I had better try this myself.

Did My Adsense Revenue Increase or Decrease with Less Ad Units?

I spent a few hours preparing this experiment across all of my blogs/sites so I could get a good feel for whether or not it was working. So I took down all ads except for 1 large square.

I then waited eagerly to see if it was going to change my revenue earnings. The first day earned a normal amount of revenue (it was only 1/2 day actually, since the first half had the normal amount of ads). So it seemed as if perhaps it was working.

The second day seen a noticeable drop in earnings. The next day was again low. Then the next. The difference was about 5-10 from my average earnings. Then it went slightly up compared to the drop the next day, but still not up to the usual earning amount.

In fact, this theory was quickly disproved when I saw some very low “clicks” that came in on one of my other sites. I then realized that even though Adsense and Adwords does use a bidding process, there are other factors at play.

I then experimented some more, and changed it to 2 small ad units (200X200 square), and added one on top and one on the bottom of my page. This did not make much of an impact either, and the earnings were still low.

I let this experiment run for about a week and a half to make sure that it wasn’t just a small dip that was unrelated to the ad change (and Adense does seem to have cycles of higher earning days sometimes). It wasn’t. My traffic was the same as before I tried the experiment, and the low costs per click made me realize that the theory simply didn’t work.

Therefore, I then placed all 3 ad units back on the page (set to both image and text ads), and used the 3 largest formats (large skyscraper, and 2 large squares).

Then, within a day or two my earnings were back up. In fact, they continued to climb and are still slowly creeping up even today by a few dollars each month.

Conclusion: Less Ads Do NOT Equal More Revenue with Adsense Always

I did try this on all of my websites to get a strong idea of whether or not it was working. Unfortunately, on every site the earnings were down. I received less clicks, and less revenue per click in many cases as well.

Therefore, it seems as if the Adsense Advisors were correct: By using the 3 Adsense units, and using the 3 largest ad types, you can increase your overall revenue.

So I added all of the ads back on my sites, and decided to just focus on writing more content and getting more traffic. I feel that for now I have “tweaked” my ads enough to maximize their earning potential, and now I just need to build up my site’s content, provide useful articles, and build traffic.

Why Do More Ads Still Equal More Revenue Then?

The theory of “less is more” certainly seems logical, but I think the reason it didn’t work is because it left out a few important facts. First, you have to assume that Adsense will display the full amount of ads every time a page loads on your site. It doesn’t.

Many times I will see that for a large square, only 2 text ads will display. Of course when an image ad appears, it is only 1 ad. So you could have all 3 ad units on your page, and still only have as few as 3-5 ad units appearing.

Add that to the fact that the larger ads are more appealing to advertisers since they can get more “space” on your site to show their product. This increases competition and “bids” for the larger ads.

Also, the more ads that appear on your page, the more likely a person is going to see something they are interested in. Therefore it is no secret that there is a strong correlation with number of ads and number of clicks.

I suppose the Adsense advisor that posted on the site realized all of this, and that is how they knew that from experience, more ads will help you maximize and optimize your Adsense earnings.

Of course, every person should experiment themselves with different sized units, colors, and number of ads on their own site. Some people may receive a different result than I did. But overall, I know that I will maintain the 3 full ads on my site until something changes…